allergies practical boat cook, allergies
            andallergens, what causes them, how to avoid them



Allergies, Allergens AND E NUMBERS

Recognize some of the symptoms and how to tackle them

If you are suffering from any of the following, then maybe you have an allergy.  Keeping things clean and dust free is the best start to ridding yourself and your boat of allergens.  Many people suffer from food allergies, so knowing what is affecting you is of prime importance.  A visit to the doctor is highly recommended.  It might be wise to know the phone number and location of a local doctor.

What to Do If Symptoms Occur

The food(s) that caused these symptoms should be avoided, and the affected person should contact a doctor or health care provider for appropriate testing and evaluation.

Keep a food diary, diligence is what counts here, write down everything you eat and drink, and at what time.  It might also be useful to write down what chemicals you are using or are in your vicinity.  It could be that the answer to your problems will jump out of the page at you - it costs nothing to try, and could save a lot of grief.

Persons found to have a food allergy should be taught to read labels and avoid the offending foods. They should also be taught, in case of accidental ingestion, to recognize the early symptoms of an allergic reaction, and be properly educated on — and armed with — appropriate treatment measures.
Persons with a known food allergy who begin experiencing symptoms while, or after eating a food should initiate treatment immediately, and go to a nearby emergency room if symptoms progress.

Fact - Allergies can Kill

Following ingestion of a food allergen(s), a person with food allergies can experience a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.

If a crew member states they have severe allergies to products such as peanuts, take note and do not take risks - read this account of a death from anaphylaxis due to a restaurant's negligence. 

This can lead to:

constricted airways in the lungs
severe lowering of blood pressure and shock ("anaphylactic shock")
suffocation by swelling of the throat

Prompt administration of epinephrine by autoinjector (e.g., Epi-pen) during early symptoms of anaphylaxis may help prevent these serious consequences.  Some boats carry epi-pens in their first aid kits, talk to your medical practitioner.

Over the counter remedies are very popular, so have a chat with your local pharmacist, alternatively try a natural remedy.

These simple natural remedies can be very effective for allergy relief. Different people seem to benefit from different remedies, so it might be worth trying more than one of these to see which works best.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is an age old remedy that is often suggested for a variety of health conditions.  The theory is that its ability to reduce mucous production and cleanse the lymphatic system makes it useful for allergies. It is also said to help digestion, weight loss and more, so it is worth a try!

Method: Mix a teaspoon of organic, unfiltered apple cider vinegar with water and drank this three times a day. This can help with relief of acute allergy symptoms and seems to help prevent allergy attacks as well.

Neti Pot and Saline Rinse

The basic theory is that you use a Neti Pot filled with a sterile saline solution to flush out the sinuses of allergens and irritations.  This recommended by conventional and alternative doctors, and it seems that it doesn’t really have a downside.

Method: Either use a pre-made saline rinse or make your own by dissolving 1 teaspoon of sea salt (no, not the stuff around the boat) in a quart of boiled distilled water. Cool completely and put in the pot. Pour through one nostril and let it drain out the other.  Oh what fun!


Quercetin is a natural bioflavonoid that is said to help stabilize mast cells to keep them from releasing histamine. It is also a potent antioxidant that is said to help reduce inflammation. It is best used as a long term remedy.

As with any herb, you should check with your doctor before using, especially if you have a liver problem, are pregnant,  or are on hormonal contraceptives.

Method: Though Quercetin is naturally found in foods like citrus and broccoli, it is very difficult to get the amount needed to relive allergies from food alone. A supplemental dose can be helpful for preventing allergies or helping acute symptoms. Not recommended during pregnancy or nursing though some practitioners feel it is safe after the first trimester.

Nettle Leaf

Nettle leaf is another natural antihistamine that can be very effective as it naturally blocks the body’s ability to produce histamine. It grows in many places and can be made in to a tincture or tea, but for allergy relief, capsules made from dried nettle leaves are the easiest and most effective option.

Nettle leaf can also be used in combination with other herbs to make a soothing herbal tea for allergy relief. It is often mixed with peppermint leaf and sometimes red raspberry leaf to make a refreshing allergy relief tea.


Allergies are the result of an imbalance in the immune system that causes the body to react too strongly to a stimuli. New research links the presence of beneficial bacteria in the gut with reduced incidence of allergies. Evidence is even emerging that a mother’s gut bacteria during pregnancy and nursing can impact a child’s likelihood of getting allergies throughout life.

While we can’t do much about our mothers’ diets while they were pregnant, balancing gut bacteria now and consuming enough beneficial bacteria can have a positive effect on allergies now. Fermented foods and drinks like Kombucha or Kefir can hep boost gut bacteria, as can a high quality probiotic capsule.

Local Honey

There isn’t much scientific evidence to back this one, but there seems to be a lot of anecdotal evidence from people who have tried it. The theory is that consuming local honey from where you live will help your body adapt to the allergens in the environment there. This is supposed to work like a natural allergy “shot” and doesn’t seem to have a downside.

Diet Changes

If all else fails, sometimes dietary changes can be the answer to allergy problems.


E Numbers


As it's highly likely that you'll have consumed a food product with an E number listed on the label at some point, you may have asked:

  • What are E Numbers?
  • Are they all bad?
  • Which ones should I really try to avoid?

What is an E Number?

The E number that you see on food labels is a number assigned to food additives which have been checked and listed (mostly as safe to use) in the European Union. The numbers refer to:
  • colors
  • flavoring agents
  • preservatives
  • anti-oxidants
  • sweeteners
  • gelling agents
  • emulsifiers

Are All E Numbers Bad for Me?

No, not all  E numbers are bad. The letter E (for Europe) together with its number, simply means it's been tested by the powers-that-be in the EU and gives it an easily identifiable code to make it easy to look up. Natural substances like vitamin C (E300), paprika (E160c) and even oxygen (E948) each have an E Number assigned to them, along with many other naturally occurring substances.

All added preservatives have been tested (and therefore have E numbers) and most are safe in small amounts (within ascribed recommended daily intake limits) and - rather than being 'bad' chemicals - have actually helped to remove the threat of serious food poisoning such as that caused by botulism.

Many people are concerned about the long-term effects of consuming certain 'E numbers' and especially the effect they could have on children. 'E numbers' do go through lengthy testing processes before being unleashed on the public, but some have proven links to negative side effects on certain consumer groups. Often though it’s because a person is particularly sensitive to an ingredient or element within that chemical, or because it exacerbates an existing condition they have.

Choosing the top E numbers worth avoiding is a bit tricky, as there are lots that it would be ideal to avoid if you’re concerned about your health.

  • E102 – tartrazine
  • E122 – carmoisine
  • E129 – allura red
  • E104 – quinoline yellow
These colors have suspected links to hyperactivity in children and while they are still permitted under EU legislation, the FSA (Food Standards Agency) recommends that UK manufacturers no longer include them in their food products. Food and drink supplied to the EU which contain these additives, must include the following information

" Name or E number of the color(s)’: may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children."

If you spot any food items (especially those aimed at children), which contain any of the above E numbers and do not show the warning, contact the Food Standards Agency.

E Numbers To Avoid

The following are still ones you may prefer to avoid:

E621 – monosodium glutamate

Otherwise known as MSG, Monosodium Glutamate, E621 is a flavor enhancer that’s commonly used to pep up food products and make them taste better. Unfortunately, it is known to cause problems for some people – and certain people seem to more sensitive to its effects than others. Amongst the known side effects, MSG can cause symptoms such as headaches, nausea, dizziness, muscle pain, palpitations and even pain.

E951 – aspartame

Aspartame, E951 is an artificial sweetener that’s commonly used as a sweetening ingredient. In particular, it’s often found in products aimed at dieters or diabetics, such as desserts, low-fat foods, low sugar drinks, snacks and sweets. It’s well known to be linked to problems in people who suffer from the condition PKU, and they are well advised to avoid it completely. But aspartame has become a concern to other people too and side effects, such as headaches, have often been reported.

E211 – sodium benzoate

E211, sodium benzoate, is an E number that’s used as a preservative and is found in products such as margarine, salad dressing, soy sauce, sweets and soft drinks. Studies have found that it’s linked to hyperactivity in children, plus it may cause reactions in people have allergic conditions or asthma.

E151 – black PN / brilliant black BN

Black PN, E151 is a form of black synthetic dye that is used as a food coloring in some products. However, concerns have been raised in other countries, as it’s been linked to allergic reactions in some people. It is already banned in Australia, Austria, America, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium and France.

E133 – brilliant blue FCF

Brilliant blue, E133 is another synthetic blue colouring dye, which adds a blue color to some products. Some people have been found to experience allergic reactions after consuming products containing E133 and this E number is already banned in Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, France, Germany and Norway.

E213 – calcium benzoate

Calcium Benzoate, E213 is a form of preservative that’s used to lengthen the shelf life of foods and drinks. It’s often found in low sugar products, but it has been linked to side effects in people who have allergic conditions.

What can you eat that doesn't contain E Numbers?

As well as getting to grips with studying the ingredients lists on packaging, if you’re looking for snacks that are better for your health, more natural and perhaps lower in other additives or calories, then perhaps you could look towards the available alternatives to processed and packaged snacks. For example:

  • Dried fruit, such as apricots or raisins, give you a sweet kick and fill you up, but don’t contain E numbers.
  • Plain shelled nuts are a good alternative to packets of flavored or coated ones, which often have additives and E numbers added too.
  • Pitta bread or a bread roll offer a quick and easy snack and, unlike some pre-packaged sandwiches, won’t have unexpected additives lurking in their ingredients.
  • A good quality dark chocolate is very satisfying and is better for you than most confectionery chocolate.

Finding Drinks Without E Numbers

Finding drinks without E numbers is a similar task to finding snacks. On the one hand, it’s useful to get to grips with checking ingredients lists, but on the other hand you may need to slightly change the type of drinks you usually go for.

Fizzy drinks, fruit drinks and squashes are all renowned for being liable to contain E numbers and additives, particularly if they’re highly colored. It’s easy to get caught out by fruit drinks in particular. Whilst the name implies that they must contain fruit, some offerings barely have any fruit at all, but do have heaps of E numbers.

You need to check the labels carefully and look for ‘pure fruit juices’ rather than ‘fruit drinks,’ as these are more likely to be 100% pure fruit juice.

Some hot drinks, especially the ones that come in dried powder form and need to be mixed up, may contain E numbers too. In this instance, it’s basically a case of going back to the ingredients list and checking through to make sure there’s nothing nasty lurking in your favored hot drink.

Home Made and no E Numbers - here we go

If you’re keen to avoid consuming too many E numbers, then one perfect way of doing so is by home cooking.

For the avid E number avoider, checking the labels of foods and drinks before purchasing is a good way of avoiding E numbers. But to save the time and hassle, and give your health a great boost at the same time, the best bet is to prepare and cook food  from scratch.

What To Cook?

If you get really into the idea, then you could also have a go at bread making too. A wide range of bread makers are available that make the art of bread making dead simple – and quick too. The ingredients are all easily available and you can make your bread as wholesome as you like.

If you often eat yogurt, then it’s also possible to make yogurt. Yogurt makers are inexpensive and allow you to make yogurt that is free from flavourings, additives and E numbers. Natural yogurt is tasty on its own, but can be sweetened by adding a teaspoon of honey or a selection of fruit to it.

When you’re avoiding E numbers, you don’t have to miss out on foods such as cakes or biscuits. Although shop bought products are very likely to contain synthetic flavourings, additives or E numbers, by making your own cakes and biscuits you can avoid the unnatural ingredients and be sure of exactly what you’re eating.

Want to Check out the Complete List of E Numbers?

To make life easy for you, we've put together a couple of tables with comprehensive lists of E Numbers and what they are. 

Here is what's included in each table:

Table 1

Table 2

Table 1

E100 - 199
Additional Chemicals
E1000 - 1999
E200 - 299
& Acidity Regulators
E300 - 399
E100 Curcumin, turmeric
E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
E101a Riboflavin-5'-Phosphate
E102 Tartrazine
E103 Chrysoine resorcinol
E104 Quinoline yellow
E105 Fast Yellow AB
E106 Riboflavin-5-Sodium Phosphate
E107 Yellow 2G
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF
E111 Orange GGN
E120 Cochineal
E121 Orcein, Orchil
E122 Carmoisine
E123 Amaranth
E124 Ponceau 4R
E125 Ponceau SX, Scarlet GN
E126 Ponceau 6R
E127 Erythrosine
E128 Red 2G
E129 Allura Red AC
E130 Indanthrene blue RS
E131 Patent Blue V
E132 Indigo carmine
E133 Brilliant Blue FCF
E140 Chlorophylls
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophylls
and chlorophyllins
E142 Greens S
E143 Fast Green FCF
E150a Plain Caramel
E150b Caustic sulfite caramel
E150c Ammonia caramel
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151 Black PN
E152 Black 7984
E153 Carbon black
E154 Brown FK
E155 Brown HT
E160a Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, gamma-carotene and carotene
E160b Annatto
E160c Paprika extract, Capsanthin
E160d Lycopene
E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'- carotenic acid
E161 Xanthophylls
E161a Flavoxanthin
E161b Lutein
E161c Cryptoxanthin
E161d Rubixanthin
E161e Violaxanthin
E161f Rhodoxanthin
E161g Canthaxanthin
E161h Zeaxanthin
E161i Citranaxanthin
E161j Astaxanthin
E162 Beetroot Red
E163 Anthocyanins
E163a Cyanadin
E163b Delphinidin
E170 Calcium carbonate
E171 Titanium dioxide
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173 Aluminium
Read colours article
E1103 Invertase - a stabiliser
E1105 Lysozyme - a preservative
E1200 Polydextrose - a stabiliser, thickening agent, humectant and carrier
E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone - a stabiliser
E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone - a stabiliser and carrier
E1204 Pullulan
E1401 Modified starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1402 Alkaline modified starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1403 Bleached starch - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1404 Oxidised starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1410 Monostarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1412 Distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1420 Acetylated starch, mono starch acetate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1422 Acetylated distarch adipate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1430 Distarch glycerine - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1440 Hydroxy propyl starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1441 Hydroxy propyl starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E1442 Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate - a stabiliser and thickening agent
E1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate - an emulsifier, stabiliser and thickening agent
E1451 Acetylated oxidised starch - an emulsifier and thickening agent
E4152 Starch aluminium octenyl succinate
Polyethylene glycol 6000
E1505 Triethyl citrate - a foam stabiliser
E1510 Ethanol
E1518 Glyceryl triacetate; triacetin - a humectant
E1520 Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol - a humectant
Read chemicals article
E200 - Sorbic acid
E201 - Sodium sorbate or sorbic acid sodium salt
E202 - Potassium sorbate
E203 - Calcium sorbate
E210 - Benzoic acid
E211 - Sodium benzoate
E212 - Potassium benzoate
E213 - Calcium benzoate
E214 - Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E215 - Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate sodium salt
E216 - Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E217 - Sodium salt of E216
E218 - Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
E219 - Sodium salt of E218
E220 - Sulphur dioxide
E221 - Sodium sulphite
E222 - Sodium hydrogen sulphite
E223 - Sodium metabisulphite
E224 - Potassium metabisulphite
E225 - Potassium sulphite
E226 - Calcium sulphite
E227 - Calcium hydrogen sulphite
E228 - Potassium hydrogen sulphite
E230 - Biphenyl
E231 - 2-hydroxybiphenyl
E232 - Sodium biphenyl-2-yl oxide
E233 - 2-(Thiazol-4-yl) benzimidazole
E234 - Nisin
E235 - Pimaracin
E236 - Formic acid
E237 - Sodium formate
E238 - Calcium formate
E239 - Hexamine
E240 - Formaldehyde
E242 - Dimethylcarbonate
E249 - Potassium nitrate
E250 - Sodium nitrite
E251 - Sodium nitrate
E252 - Potassium nitrate
E260 - Acetic acid
E261 - Potassium acetate
E262 - Sodium acetate
E263 - Calcium acetate
E270 - Lactic acid
E280 - Propionic acid
E281 - Sodium propionate
E282 - Calcium propionate
E283 - Potassium propionate
E284 - Boric acid
E285 - Sodium tetraborate
E290 - Carbon dioxide
E296 - Malic acid
E297 - Fumaric acid
Read preservatives article
E300 - L-ascorbic acid
E301 - Sodium L-ascorbate
E302 - Calcium L-ascorbate
E304 - 6-0-palmitoyl-L-ascorbic acid
E306 - Extracts of tocopherols
E307 - Alfa-tocopherol
E308 - Gamma-tocopherol
E309 - Delta-tocopherol
E310 - Propyl gallate
E311 - Octyl gallate
E312 - Dodecyl gallate
E313 - Thiodipropionic acid
E314 - Guaiac gum
E315 - Erythorobic acid
E316 - Sodium erythorbate
E319 - Butylhydroxinon
E320 - Butylated hydroxyanisole
E321 - Butylated hydroxytoluene
E322 - Lecithin - a natural emulsifier
E325 - Sodium lactate
E326 - Potassium lactate
E327 - Calcium lactate
E330 - Citric acid
E331 - Sodium citrates
E332 - Potassium citrates - a buffer and emulsifying salt
E333 - Mono, di and tri-calcium citrate - a buffer, firming agent, emulsifying salt, sequestrant and flour improver
E334 - L-(+)-tartaric acid
E335 - Mono / di sodium L-(+)-tartate
E336 - Mono potassium L-(+)-tartate
E337 - Potassium sodium L-(+)-tartate
E338 - Phosphoric acid - a buffer
E339 - Sodium orthophosphates - a buffer
E440 - Potassium orthophosphates - a buffer
E341 - Magnesium orthophosphates - a buffer
E350 - Sodium malate
E351 - Potassium malate
E352 - Calcium malate
E353 - Meta tartaric acid - an emulsifier
E354 - Calcium tartarate
E355 - Adipic acid
E356 - Sodium adipate
E357 - Potassium adipate
E363 - Succinic acid
E365 - Sodium fumarate
E370 - 1,4, Heptonolactone
E375 - Nicotonic acid - a colour protector
E380 - Tri-ammonium citrate
E385 - Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate - a sequestrant
E386 - Disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (EDTA) - a stabiliser
E387 - Oxysterarin - a stabiliser
E388 - Thiodipropionic acid
Read Antioxidants & Acidity regs article

Table 2

Stabilisers and Emulsifiers
Acidity Regulators
Anti-caking Agents
Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous
E400 - Alginic acid
E401 - Sodium alginate
E402 - Potassium alginate
E403 - Ammonium alginate
E404 - Calcium alginate
E405 - Propane-1, 2-diol alginate
E406 - Agar
E407 - Carrageenan
E408 - Furcelleran
E410 - Locust bean gum
E411 - Oat gum
E412 - Guar gum
E413 - Tragacanth
E414 - Gum arabic
E415 - Xanthan gum
E416 - Karaya gum
E417 - Tara gum
E418 - Gellan gum
E420 - Sorbitol
E421 - Mannitol
E422 - Glycerol
E430 - Polyoxyethylene(8) stearate
E431 - Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E432 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monolaurate
E433 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan mono-oleate
E434 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monopalmitate
E435 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan monostearate
E436 - Polyoxyethylene-20-sorbitan tristearate
E440 - Pectin
E442 - Ammonium phosphatides
E450 - Di- and polyphosphates
E451 - Triphosphates
E452 - Polyphosphates
E460 - Cellulose
E461 - Methyl cellulose
E462 - Ethyl cellulose
E463 - Hydroxypropyl cellulose
E464 - Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose
E465 - Methylethyl cellulose
E466 - Carboxymethyl cellulose
E470 - Fatty acid salts
E471 - Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids
E472 - Esters of mono- and diglycerides
E473 - Sugar esters of fatty acids
E474 - Sugarglycerides
E475 - Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E476 - Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E477 - Propyleneglycol esters of fatty acids
E478 - Mixture of glycerol and propyleneglycol esters of lactic acid and fatty acids
E479 - Esterified soy oil
E480 - Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate
E481 - Sodium stearoyl lactate
E482 - Calcium stearoyl lactate
E483 - Stearyl tartrate
E484 - Stearyl citrate
E490 - Propylene glycol
E491 - Sorbitane mono stearate
E492 - Sorbitane tri stearate
E493 - Sorbitane mono laurate
E494 - Sorbitane mono oleate
E495 - Sorbitane mono palmitate
Read thickeners & emulsifiers article
E500 - Sodium carbonate
E501 - Potassium carbonate
E503 - Ammonium carbonate
E504 - Magnesium carbonate
E507 - Hydrochloric acid
E508 - Potassium chloride
E509 - Calcium chloride
E511 - Magnesium chloride
E512 - Stannous chloride
E513 - Sulphuric acid
E514 - Sodium sulphates
E515 - Potassium sulphate
E516 - Calcium sulphate
E517 - Ammonium sulphate
E520 - Aluminium sulphate
E521 - Aluminium sodium sulphate
E522 - Aluminium potassium sulphate
E523 - Aluminium ammonium sulphate
E524 - Sodium hydroxide
E525 - Potassium hydroxide
E526 - Calcium hydroxide
E527 - Ammonium hydroxide
E528 - Magnesium hydroxide
E529 - Calcium oxide
E530 - Magnesium oxide
E535 - Sodium ferrocyanide
E536 - Potassium ferrocyanide
E538 - Calcium ferrocyanide
E541 - Sodium aluminium phosphate
E551 - Silicon dioxide
E552 - Calcium silicate
E553a - (i) Magnesium silicate and (ii) magnesium trisilicate
E553b - Talc
E554 - Sodium aluminium silicate
E555 - Potassium aluminium silicate
E556 - Aluminium calcium silicate
E558 - Bentonite
E559 - Kaolin
E570 - Fatty acids
E574 - Gluconic acid
E575 - Glucono delta-lactone
E576 - Sodium gluconate
E577 - Potassium gluconate
E578 - Calcium gluconate
E579 - Ferrous gluconate
E585 - Ferrous gluconate
Read acidity regulators and anti-caking article
E620 - Glutamic acid
E621 - Monosodium glutamate
E622 - Monopotassium glutamate
E623 - Calcium glutamate
E624 - Ammonium glutamate
E625 - Magnesium glutamate
E626 - Guanylic acid
E627 - Sodium guanylate
E628 - Di-potassium guanylate
E629 - Calcium guanylate
E630 - Inosinic acid
E631 - Sodium inosinate
E632 - Di-potassium inosinate
E633 - Calcium inosinate
E634 - Calcium ribonucleotides
E635 - Di-sodium ribonucleotides
E636 - Maltol
E637 - Ethylmaltol
E640 - Glycine and sodium glycinate
read flavour enhancers article
E900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
E901 Beeswax (white and yellow)
E903 Carnauba wax
E904 Shellac
E905 Paraffins
E907 Refined microcrystalline wax
E912 Montan acid esters
E914 Oxidised polyethylene wax
E920 L-cysteine and its hydrochlorides
E924 Potassium bromate
E925 Chlorine
E926 Chlorine dioxide
E927 Azodicarbonamide
E927a L-Cysteine
E927b Carbamide
E928 Benzol peroxide
E931 Nitrogen
E932 Nitrous oxide
E938 Argon
E939 Helium
E941 Nitrogen
E942 Nitrous oxide
E943a Butane
E943b Iso-butane
E944 Propane
E948 Oxygen
E949 Hydrogen
E950 Acesulphane
E951 Aspartame
E952 Cyclamic acid
E954 Saccharines
E957 Thaumatin
E965 Hydrogenated glucose syrup
E967 Xylitol
E999 Quillaia extract
Read miscellaneous E numbers article


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