GETTING RID OF
COCKROACHES ON A BOAT
owners are aware of the health and safety risks
associated with cockroach infestations, including
the allergies and asthma triggered by cockroach
allergens, and the germs and bacteria they have
been known to spread. What may not be as widely
known is the fact that cockroaches are a very
interesting and resilient pest that exhibits some
very odd behavior and survival tactics. For
example, cockroaches spend 75% of their time
resting and can withstand temperatures as cold as
32 degrees Fahrenheit.
TYPES OF COCKROACH AND HOW TO IDENTIFY THEM
- Appearance: American cockroaches are reddish brown with a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back of their head.
- Unique Facts: They are active when the temperature is 70 degrees or higher, but they can survive lower temperatures with the right conditions.
- Appearance: Brownbanded cockroaches are brown with pronounced banding across their wings.
- Habitat: Brownbanded cockroaches tend to prefer warmer, drier, and higher locations than any of the other pest roaches. They are often found in upper cabinets or in galleys. This species often hides its egg cases in or under furniture.
- Unique Facts: Brown-banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. The male's wings are larger than the female's wings.
- Appearance: German cockroaches are light brown to tan with two dark stripes located on their backs. They are oval shaped with six legs and antennae.
- Habitat: German cockroaches can be found anywhere but show a preference for warm and humid places. They are usually found in places with water sources, but infestations often occur in other areas where people eat and drink.
- Unique Facts: The German cockroach is by far the most important and usually the most common of the cockroaches. In addition to being a nuisance, the German cockroach has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people.
- Appearance: Oriental Cockroaches are large very dark colored and shiny.
- Habitat: Oriental cockroaches are often found in sewers. They can also be found in leaf piles and firewood outdoors.
- Unique Facts: Oriental cockroaches are sometimes called "water bugs" because they come out of drains, and "black beetle cockroaches" because of their smooth, dark bodies. This species creates a strong smell and is considered one of the dirtiest of all the cockroaches.
FASCINATING ROACH FACTS
2. A cockroach can hold its breath for 40 minutes, and can even survive being submerged under water for half an hour. They hold their breath often to help regulate their loss of water.
3. Cockroaches can run up to three miles in an hour, which means they can spread germs and bacteria throughout a boat very quickly.
4. Newborn German cockroaches become adults in as little as 36 days. In fact, the German cockroach is the most common of the cockroaches and has been implicated in outbreaks of illness and allergic reactions in many people.
5. A one-day-old baby cockroach, which is about the size of a speck of dust, can run almost as fast as its parents.
6. The American cockroach has shown a marked attraction to alcoholic beverages, especially beer. They are most likely attracted by the alcohol mixed with hops and sugar.
7. The world's largest roach (which lives in South America) is six inches long with a one-foot wingspan. Average cockroaches can vary in size from ½"- 2" long.
8. Cockroaches are believed to have originated more than 280 million years ago, in the Carboniferous era.
9. There are more than 4,000 species of cockroaches worldwide, including the most common species, the German cockroach, in addition to other common species, the brownbanded cockroach and American cockroach.
10. Because they are cold-blooded insects, cockroaches can live without food for one month, but will only survive one week without water.
prove that cockroaches are some of the most
adaptable creatures on earth, which makes
controlling and eliminating a cockroach
infestation all the more difficult. Even the
cleanest of boats can be prone to these little
pests. Diligence and observation are your
first defense, but what can you do to eliminate
them? To get rid of cockroaches
in your boat, keep food sealed and stored
properly, particularly in the galley, which should
be cleaned daily to prevent crumbs and trash from
building up. Garbage should be disposed of
regularly and stored in sealed containers. Try to
seek out and seal all cracks and holes (if you
have many cracks and holes in your boat, then
cockroaches may be the least of your
problems). If possible fit mosquito nets to
ports, this will help stop critters from crawling
in as well as things flying in. Cockroaches
like to climb, mooring lines are always a problem,
If possible spray or dust lines with insecticide
(checking first that the chemical you use will not
damage/effect your lines).
control and management are important for health
and safety reasons. If you suspect a cockroach
infestation, DON'T PANIC, there are simple
and safe ways of dealing with them.
simple method is BORIC ACID, use bottle
tops, equal amounts of boric acid, water and
sugar. Place the 'tops' inside cupboards,
drawers, even in galley stowage areas. Boric
Acid is no more harmful to us humans than
salt. Cockroaches are attracted to the water
and sugar, they ingest the boric acid at the same
time, this 'bungs' them up, rendering them unable
to consume more water, thus they die of
thirst. Boric acid can be purchased in
pharmacies, and is very cheap.
can be bought in most countries. Place them
in cupboards, lockers, corners. However,
they contain poison, if you have any pets on
board, there is a possibility that the poisoned
roach could be consumed by your pet.
the nuke variety). This is a fairly radical
approach. Having let off a bomb in your boat
you will have to vacate for a while, and remember
that when you return, everything will be covered
with a thin layer of insecticide - always read the
instructions in these cases.
your boat for any length of time, the bottle top
approach is probably the best, remember to keep
the 'tops' topped up with water from time to time
and check them when you return.
manged to rid yourself of them, keep a control up
for a few days. A jam jar (one with an
overhanging lip on the inside), some beer,
vaseline and a piece of bread is all you
need. Fill the jar up to about one quarter,
put in a small piece of bread. Now smear the
inside of the jam jar lip with vaseline (so
that they can climb in, but not out.
You will need to create a little ladder for any
visitors here, a piece of kitchen town taped to
the lip is perfect. Leave this jar in an
area where you believe you have had any
cockroaches. If you get any in the jar, then
you still have a problem, if after a few days the
jar is roach free, then you have successfully
managed to rid your boat of the problem.
more pests to make you itch...
Stored Product Pests
these critters get a helping hand to smuggle
themselves aboard, inside bags of dried
goods. Keep a close eye on your stored
Indian Meal Moths
The Indian meal moth was given its name after an insect scientist found it feeding on corn meal, also known as Indian meal. From wing tip to wing tip, adult moths measure from five-eighths of an inch to three-fourths of an inch long.
Merchant Grain Beetles
Merchant grain beetles are typically not found in grain products, but instead like to attack cereals, cake mixes, macaroni, cookies and chocolate. Merchant grain beetles are dark brown and have six saw-like teeth on each side of their bodies. They can grow to be one-eighth of an inch long and have very flat bodies.
Bed bugs likely get their name from their habit of feeding on humans while they sleep in their beds. They are found in virtually every place people tend to gather, including boats.
If you do
identify bed bugs on your boat, take the
mattress outside into the sun, thoroughly clean
the cabin, ensuring that there is no dust left,
and vent the area. Keep an eye on dust
levels in general, as these little critters love
nothing more than snuggling up in your dead skin
for the night.
A far more
serious issue than cockroaches.
Termites date back more
than 120 million years to the time of the
dinosaurs. They are known as "silent destroyers"
because of their ability to chew through wood,
flooring and even wallpaper undetected. If
you have a lot of wood in your boat, check
regularly. Should you be at all concerned,
contact a specialist immediately.
Everything that you always wanted to know about ants! If these little critters don't give you nightmares then nothing will. There are many types of ant powders on the market, as with any insecticide, keep away from children and animals.
Acrobat ants get their common name from their ability to acrobatically raise their abdomen over their thorax and head, especially when disturbed. There are various species of this light brown to black ant found throughout the United States, even at altitudes of up to 8,000 feet.
Argentine ant colonies can grow to monumental size. A single colony can contain several hundred thousand workers with the colony borders sometimes cover entire habitats. These dark brown to black ants give off a musty odor when crushed.
Carpenter ants get their name because they excavate wood in order to build their nests. Their excavation results in smooth tunnels inside the wood. These are large ants ranging in size from one-quarter inch for a worker ant to up to three-quarters inch for a queen.
Crazy ants get their common name from the workers' habit of running in an erratic, jerky manner when searching for food.
The common name of the field ant comes from its preference for nesting outdoors. The field ant is the largest genus of ants found north of Mexico. Field ants are also known by many other names such as thatching ants, red ants and wood ants.
Ghost ants get their common name from the fact that they are very hard to see due to their pale color and tiny size. They are a tropical species, probably of African or Asian origin. In the United States, ghost ants are found primarily in central and southern Florida and Hawaii. This type of ant is unable to survive in the northern states except in greenhouses and heated spaces.
The harvester ant gets its common name from its behavior of collecting seeds. There are 22 species of harvester ants found in the United States. The most common types of harvester ants are the California harvester ant, Florida harvester ant, red harvester ant, black harvester ant and the Western harvester ant. All are limited to west of the Mississippi River except the Florida harvester ant.
Leaf cutting Ants
Leaf cutting ants get their name from their habit of cutting leaves into small pieces. There are only two species in the United States, which are found in Arizona, Texas, western Louisiana and southern California. Mature nests of leaf cutting ants may contain in excess of one million individuals, but only one queen who is long-lived. Some very old colonies may occupy the same area for 60-70 years.
Little Black Ants
The little black ant gets its common name from its very small size and black coloration. Colonies are moderate to very large and contain many queens.
Odorous House Ants
The odorous house ant gets its name from the strong, rotten coconut-like smell it gives off when crushed. These tiny brown ants range in size from one-sixteenth of an inch to one-eighth of an inch long.
Pavement ants get their name because they make nests in or under cracks in pavement. These dark brown to black ants can also infest structures.
Pharaoh ants get their name from the mistaken belief that they were one of the plagues of Egypt during the time of Pharaohs. This species is thought to be native to Africa, but is currently found throughout the Unites States.
The pyramid ant gets its common name from the pyramid projection on top of the thorax. Mature pyramid ant colonies are usually small to moderate in size, each containing one or more queens and up to a few thousand individuals.
Red Imported Fire Ants
Red imported fire ants (RIFAs, for short) get their common name from their ability to inflict painful bites and stings. These dark reddish-brown ants are an invasive species found throughout the southern part of the U.S.
Thief ants get their name from their habit of nesting very near other ants, which they then rob of food and brood (larvae and pupae). Colonies tend to be smaller than those of other species, but can contain many queens and several thousand workers. Thief ants are also known as grease ants and are often confused with pharaoh ants, although they differ in characteristics.
White-footed ants get their common name from their very light-colored feet. Mature colonies can range from 8,000 to 3 million individuals, with as many as 33 percent being reproductive.
The yellow ant gets its common name from the yellow coloring of its body. Yellow ants are also referred to as citronella ants because of the citrus or lemon-like odor they give off when crushed. The most important structural pest species in this group is the larger yellow ant, Lasius interjectus, which is found from southern New England westward to Washington and southward to Florida and Mexico.
Happy hunting - it's open season!
the GOOD NEWS
Anyone in the mood for fried caterpillars? Roasted silkworms? Braised crickets? You might be blanching, but according to a group of Oxford researchers, certain bugs are more nutritious than our favorite meat staples.
In a recent study from the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers compared the nutritional profile of six commercially available insects – crickets, honey bees, silkworms, mealworms, mopane caterpillars and palm weevil larvae – to chicken, beef and pork using two different scoring systems that tracked variables like protein, fat, sodium, vitamins and minerals.
The result? When the two scoring systems were taken together, “every single insect the researchers examined came out on top,” reports Medical Daily. The researchers note that crickets, mealworms and palm weevil larvae were “significantly healthier.”
words, instead of slaving over
Cricket à la King for dinner, try
folding a little protein-rich cricket flour into
your next batch of bread or cupcakes.